The graduate school emphasizes research into social, economic and cultural history, to which other schools in Taiwan pay less attention. Three directions for research have been developed:

1.The Ming and Qing Era.

Learning about the Ming and Qing Dynasties will enable us to reinterpret the progress of China from the traditional to the modern, and will give us a new understanding of the process of formation of the modern world.

2.The History of the Chinese Overseas.

When European forces came to the East they stimulated the development of maritime trade; part of this trend was the surge of the Chinese (especially the Hoklo, the Cantonese, and the Hakka Peoples) into Southeast Asia. The spread of the Chinese, their competition with the Europeans in maritime trade, and the formation of overseas Chinese settlements are important research topics here. Furthermore, we will study their adaptation to the locals in their settlements and their relations with their towns of origin.

3.The History of Taiwan.

This study includes tribal research, the history of the Han people, the Japanese colonial era, and Post-War Taiwan. Relations among the various tribes are important in Taiwanese Studies. The University is located in Puli Township, in Nantou County, where the Han and indigenous people interacted extensively in ancient times. The Han emigrated from China to Taiwan, pursuing the profits offered by maritime trade.

A new area of research, Wei-Jin Studies in Medieval Chinese History, is in development.